Personal observations on life

Vocabulary test for GCE O’level English

From paragraph 1

  1. Pick out one word from this paragraph that shows that Alice and her grandmother went shopping often.

a) Handles
b) Rituals
c) Again
d) Shock

  1. Pick out one word from this paragraph that means ”examine”.
    a) Shattered
    b) Blur
    c) Inspect
    d) Webbing
  2. Pick out one word from this paragraph that means ”broken”
    a) Plaited’
    b) Shock
    c) Knocked
    d) shattered

From paragraph 2

  1. Pick out one word from this paragraph that means ”a long time”
    a) Eventually
    b) Extricated
    c) Ages
    d) Beads
  2. “Alice’s apprehension gave way to exhilaration”. Explain in your own words what the author means here.

From paragraph 3

  1. “Soon Alice was standing next to a table with a surface that she thought that, if she touched it, ripples would circle out from under her fingers to lap at its edges.” What did the surface of the table remind Alice of?
    a) Wax
    b) Wood
    c) Water’
    d) Air

From paragraph 4

  1. What effect is created by the word ”looming” that would not be created by, for example, the word ”appearing”?

From paragraph 5

  1. Which of the following words have the same meaning as the word ”spellbound” as it is used in this passage?
    a) Happy
    b) Awe-struck
    c) Sad
    d) Confused

From paragraph 6

  1. Which of the following words have the same meaning as the word ”dilapidated” in this paragraph?
    a) Old
    b) New
    c) Fashionable
    d) Worn out
  2. Pick out one word from this paragraph that means ”untying” or ”undoing”
    a) Fastening
    b) Unfastening
    c) Clasp
    d) placed

Answers

  1. b)
  2. c)
  3. d)
  4. c)
  5. Alice’s fears changed to excitement.
  6. c)
  7. threatening
  8. b)
  9. d)
  10. b)
Personal observations on life

Errors in thinking – Part 8

The contrast effect

Human beings have difficulty in thinking in absolute terms. We judge things by contrast. Something looks ugly, cheap or small if it is sitting next to something beautiful, expensive or large. The positive qualities of something is felt only when it is compared to something less positive. Your house is big if all the other houses in the lane are smaller. If all the houses in your lane are big, then you are living in an average house. If all the other houses are bigger than yours, you feel that you are living in a hut!

Availability bias

We create a picture of the world in our minds using the examples that most readily come to mind. In other words, we decide things on the basis of available information. The problem is, just because some information is available to us, it need not be all that there is to reality. Because of availability bias, we go through life with an inadequate list of guidelines. For example, a girl who has been born into a highly intellectual environment and is not exposed to anything else believes that the world is made up of only intellectual people, and is unpleasantly surprised when she meets someone who cannot discuss Plato or Aristotle. The only way to combat the availability bias is to be exposed to ideas and people who are different from what you already know.

Personal observations on life

Loneliness

Loneliness is the sinking feeling that there is no human breath around

It is a terribly cold feeling; one could freeze to death

due to loneliness.

The mind talks to itself, but tires of it after a while,

Then stops talking, and there is deafening silence.

Loneliness is this deafening silence inside and around you.

sleep is a respite from loneliness

at least your dreams keep you company

and there are people in your dreams.

Someone to hug, and someone to talk to

someone to understand, and someone to hold my hand

that is what I long for, please.

Personal observations on life

Errors in thinking – part 7

Authority bias

Most of us are in awe of authority, and we blindly obey them, often to disastrous results. The immediate rewards of obeying authority is being in their good books, and and that you stand more of a chance to land the next promotion. However, are all authorities good for you? Think back in your life and pick out instances when commands from authority have been good in taking decisions. Start with your own family. Did your father want you to pursue a career that you did not want to? Even if you did not want it, did you bow to his authority and pursue it any way?

Whenever you are about to make a major decision in life, take the advice from authorities as just a suggestion. The final decision should be yours, after carefully studying the issue, and weighing the pros and cons. Never take decisions just to please authorities if your gut feeling is against it.

Human behaviour, Personal observations on life

Errors in thinking – Part 6

The mother of all misconceptions is the confirmation bias. What is confirmation bias?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to interpret all new information in such a way that it is compatible with our existing beliefs. It is the filtering out of information that contradicts our existing beliefs, assumptions and theories.

Imagine that you contact the Corona virus and become infected with Covid 19. You have to attend an interview, but since you are sick you cannot go for the interview. If you are an atheist, you might interpret this as an example of the randomness of life, a proof that there is not intelligent being or God controlling man’s life. However, if you are a theist, you might say that you were likely to do badly in the interview and God saved you from the embarrassment of doing badly at interview. Such is confirmation bias